Admiral Michael Mullen, USN (Retired), served as the 17th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from October 2007 through September 2011. He also served as Chief of Naval Operations, Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe and Commander, Allied Joint Forces Command, Naples. A 1968 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, Mullen retired after more than 42 years of service. Since retirement, he has been a visiting professor at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. He sits on the Boards of General Motors, the Bloomberg Family Foundation. Sprint Nextel Group, and Afiniti.
General Keith Alexander is a retired four-star general of the United States Army, who served as director of the National Security Agency (DIRNSA), was chief of the Central Security Service (CHCSS) and was the first Commander to lead the United States Cyber Command. He held this role from 2010-2014, establishing and defining how our nation is protected against cyber attacks. He previously served as Deputy Chief of Staff, G-2, United States Army from 2003 to 2005.
In May 2014, after his retirement from NSA, General Alexander founded IronNet Cybersecurity. IronNet provides cybersecurity coverage for private-sector companies using its IronDefense program and a team of cybersecurity analysts and experts.
General Alexander is the recipient of the 2016 United States Military Academy (USMA) Distinguished Graduate Award. He holds a BS from the U.S. Military Academy, as well an MS in Business Administration from Boston University; an MS in Systems Technology and an MS in Physics from the Naval Post Graduate School; and an MS in National Security Strategy from the National Defense University.
Donald Beall retired from Rockwell in 1998 after an extraordinary 30-year career guiding one of the world’s most influential companies and launching innovations that literally shaped the trajectory of technology and electronics globally. He served as president of the company for 10 years and then served as chairman/CEO for the next 10 years. Under his leadership, Rockwell became a global leader in aerospace, electronics and automotive markets.
Currently, Beall is involved in numerous professional, educational, public service and philanthropic endeavors. He is an investor, director, and advisor with several venture capital groups, individual companies and investment partnerships.
Beall earned a B.S. in engineering from San Jose State University and a MBA from the University of Pittsburgh. Mr. Beall has received distinguished alumnus awards from both institutions. He has also been awarded the Horatio Alger Award from the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans.
Mr. Beall served on the Board of Trustees for the NPS Foundation and is a member of the Advisory Council.
Vice Admiral Kevin Cosgriff, USN Retired, was Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command where he oversaw all naval combat, combat support, and maritime security operations throughout the Middle East and Southwest Asia area, including Iraq, Afghanistan and the Horn of Africa areas. He simultaneously commanded the U.S. Fifth Fleet and the Combined Maritime Forces, the latter comprised of ships and aircraft from over twenty contributing nations.
In addition to the U.S. Fifth Fleet, Cosgriff previously commanded Cruiser Destroyer Group Eight/Theodore Roosevelt Battle Group, Destroyer Squadron 32 and USS Robert G Bradley (FFG 49). He graduated from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point, N.Y. and was among the first students to receive a Master of Science in Strategic Intelligence from the National Intelligence University (NIU) on which Board of Visitors he now serves.
In 2014, Cosgriff became the President and CEO of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). He serves on the Board of Visitors at NIU and on the Board of the Applied Physic Laboratory of the University of Washington and at the Stimson Center, a Washington DC think tank.
Admiral James O. Ellis, Jr., USN Retired, is the former Commander of the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, as well as the former President and CEO of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations. His 35-year Navy career included commands in Japan and the Middle East, including during Operation Desert Storm. Ellis was also Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Plans, Policy and Operations), Commander in Chief, United States Naval Forces Europe, and Commander in Chief, Allied Forces, Southern Europe headquartered in Naples, Italy.
Since retiring from the military, Ellis has been the Annenberg Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institute at Stanford University. He is also a former Chairman of the Board of the Space Foundation and of Level 3 Communications. In 2018, Ellis was appointed Chairman of the Users' Advisory Group to the Vice President's National Space council. He serves on the board of directors of the Lockheed Martin Corporation and Dominion Resources, Inc.
Admiral Tom Fargo, USN (Retired), was Commander of the U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM), leading the largest unified command while directing the joint operations of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force from 2002 to 2005. Trained in joint, naval and submarine commands, Fargo served in a variety of sea and shore duty assignments. Ashore, he served in the Bureau of Naval Personnel and with the Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and had multiple assignments in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations.
Fargo is the Chairman of the Board of Directors for Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc. and serves on several boards of directors including USAA, the U.S. Naval Academy Foundation, and the Friends of Hawaii Charities.
Before retiring from the United States Navy, Admiral Cecil Haney, served as Commander U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), one of eleven Unified Commands under the Department of Defense. USSTRATCOM is responsible for the global command and control of U.S. strategic forces to meet decisive national security objectives involving nuclear forces, missile defense, space, cyberspace, and electronic warfare. Before taking command at USSTRATCOM, he served as commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet responsible for the operations and readiness of the US Navy fleet located in the Pacific and Indian oceans and as the Deputy Commander of USSTRATCOM. His career as a submariner included a variety of operational and command assignments at sea and ashore. He also served as a member of the Congressionally mandated Military Leadership Diversity Commission that produced a detailed report in 2011 and recommendations for improvement.
Among many other decorations, Haney received the Navy Distinguished Service medal, the Defense Superior Service medal, the Legion of Merit, the Navy Commendation Medal, and the Navy Achievement Medal. He was the 1998 Vice Adm. James Bond Stockdale Leadership Award recipient while in command of the fast attack submarine USS Honolulu. He received Masters’ degrees in National Security Strategy from National Defense University and in Engineering Acoustics and System Technology from the Naval Postgraduate School. He is a 1978 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy.
In retirement, Haney serves on the Advisory Council for the Naval Postgraduate School Foundation, John Hopkins University Applied Physics Board of Managers and as a co-chair for the China-US Dialogue on Strategic Nuclear Dynamics for the Pacific Forum of the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
James Hebenstreit is the Chairman and CEO of Bartlett and Company. Bartlett’s principal businesses are grain merchandising and storage, flour and feed milling, and cattle feeding. Bartlett and Company has been named one of FORBES 400 Largest Private U.S. Companies.
Before joining Bartlett and Company, Hebenstreit was with Commerce Bancshares for five years, and has been a director of Commerce now for over 25 years. Hebenstreit has also served on several other business boards, primarily manufacturing companies.
Hebenstreit is a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Business School, and served three years in the Navy, ending his active duty tour as a Lieutenant.
Admiral Henry H. Mauz, Jr. retired from the Navy in November,1994. His last duty assignment was as Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet with headquarters in Norfolk, Virginia. After graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1959, initial tours were in destroyers in the Pacific Fleet followed by a tour in Vietnam where he oversaw ten River Patrol Boats (PBRs) operating on the rivers of the Mekong Delta. Admiral Mauz went on to command three ships, a minesweeper, a guided missile destroyer and a cruiser. Early shore tours included the U.S. Mission to NATO in Brussels, Belgium, and the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations in the Pentagon.
As a Vice Admiral in 1988 through 1990, Mauz was the Commander of the U.S. Seventh Fleet in the Far East. In August 1990, Mauz flew to the Persian Gulf and assumed command of all naval forces in the region during Operation Desert Shield. Transferring to Washington, Mauz was assigned as the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations responsible for long range planning as well as the preparation and submission to Congress of the Navy’s budget of over $75 billion. Mauz was promoted to four-star rank in July, 1992.
Dr. Timothy McAdams is a Clinical Professor of Orthopedic Surgery at Stanford University, Division of Sports Medicine, where he has been a faculty member since 2001. He is also the Head Team Physician for the San Francisco 49ers, where he has served as team physician since 2007. He is currently Vice-President of the NFL Physician Society. He also serves as the Head Team Orthopedic Surgeon for Stanford Men's and Women's Soccer. Previously, he served as Team Physician for Stanford Football and Stanford Men's Basketball, the Golden State Warriors, the San Jose Earthquakes, and the San Francisco Giants. He has served as assistant team physician/site physician for numerous US Soccer events, including the World Cup in South Africa.
McAdams has a Certificate of Added Qualification (CAQ) in Sports Medicine, and trained with Dr. Bert Mandelbaum in Santa Monica, CA in sports medicine and knee surgery. He also did an Upper Extremity surgery fellowship at Stanford University in 2001. He won the NFLPS Art Rettig research award for his presentation on "Video Analysis of ACL injuries in the NFL," and has been the author of over 40 peer reviewed journal articles in orthopedic surgery. He serves as a reviewer for multiple journals, including American Journal of Sports Medicine and Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. He served as Program Director for the Stanford University Orthopedic Surgery Residency Program from 2002-2006.
McAdams is a member of the American Society of Sports Medicine and has been a Traveling Fellow in sports medicine with the Arthroscopy Association of North America. He received a BS in Biology from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and MD from Georgetown University, where he was AOA honor society and graduated Magna Cum Laude.
Admiral William Harry McRaven was the commander of U.S. Special Operations Command during which time he led a force of 69,000 men and women and was responsible for conducting counter-terrorism operations worldwide. McRaven also is a recognized national authority on U.S. foreign policy and has advised presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama and other U.S. leaders on defense issues.
Following his retirement in 2014, McRaven became the Chancellor of University of Texas at Austin until 2015. He currently serves on the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the National Football Foundation.
Robert J. Natter enlisted in the Naval Reserve at age 17 in 1962. Following a year’s enlisted service and four years at the U.S. Naval Academy he rose to the rank of Admiral, having started at the Navy’s lowest entry level of Seaman Recruit to become a four-star Admiral in about 40 years. During his final tour from 2000 through 2003, Natter served as Commander in Chief of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet, the first Commander of U.S. Fleet Forces Command, and the Commander-in-Chief of the NATO Western Atlantic Command. The U.S. Atlantic Fleet then consisted of over 160,000 Sailors and Marines, 162 ships, 1,200 aircraft, and 18 major shore stations.
Along the way Natter's other significant assignments included Officer-in-Charge of an 11-man Naval Special Warfare Boat Unit as a Lieutenant deploying to the lower Mekong Delta of Vietnam, Cruiser and Destroyer ship Commands and command of the U.S. Seventh Fleet in the Western Pacific. In that capacity as a three-star Admiral he commanded all US Naval operations from the Indian Ocean through the Western Pacific, and from the Arctic to the Antarctic. Ashore, prior to that he served for three years as the Navy’s Director of Congressional Affairs, the Executive Assistant to the Vice Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff during Desert Storm Operations, and as the Chief of Naval Operations’ Deputy for Operations.
Natter’s military decorations included the Silver Star Medal, the Purple Heart, five awards of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the Bronze Star Medal with Combat V, Navy Commendation Medal with Combat V, the Navy Achievement Medal with Combat V, and multiple other awards.
Natter currently is President of R.J. Natter & Associates, LLC, an international advisory and advocacy firm specializing in corporate and defense strategy.
Since leaving the Navy, Natter’s public and private Board experience has been extensive. He is currently Chairman of NOVONIX (NVX), an ASX and NASDAQ-traded Lithium Ion Battery and Graphite Company. He is also a Director of Intelligence Systems, Inc, a defense and technology company in Torrance, CA and a Director at Allied Universal Services, a private international provider of security and infrastructure support solutions, with annual revenue of about $20B and over 600,00 employees world-wide. Natter also Chaired both G4S Inc, a security company, and Physical Optics Corporation, a technology and defense Company. He also served for twelve years on the BAE Inc Board.
Natter also served six years as Chairman of the US Naval Academy Alumni Association Board of Trustees, representing over 60,000 living graduates and, going on a decade, continues to serve on the Board of the Naval Academy Foundation. He was selected as a Distinguished Graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, the Navy Postgraduate School, and the Naval War College.
Lastly, Natter was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun from the Emperor of Japan, the Order of National Merit from the Republic of Korea in 1998, and the 2003 Ellis Island Medal of Honor.
Admiral Eric Olson retired from the United States Navy in 2011 as a four-star Admiral after more than 38 years of military service. A Navy SEAL officer, he served in special operations units throughout his career. He was engaged in several contingency operations and commanded at every level.
Olson’s military career culminated as the head of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), where he was responsible for the mission readiness and deployment of all Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps special operations forces. In this capacity, he led over 60,000 people and managed an annual budget of more than ten billion dollars. His duties involved much interagency and international collaboration.
Olson has been recognized as a Distinguished Graduate of both the United States Naval Academy and the Naval Postgraduate School. He is a designated specialist in the Middle East, Africa and South Asia. During his military service, he received numerous military decorations including the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star for gallantry in combat, and the Bronze Star for valor. His foreign awards include appointment as an Officer in the French Legion of Honor.
Olson is now an independent consultant and a member of the Board of Directors of Under Armour, Inc., Iridium Communications, Inc., and Sarcos Technology and Robotics Corp., as well as five privately held companies. He is a Chairman Emeritus of the non-profit Special Operations Warrior Foundation.
James Danforth Quayle is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 44th vice president of the United States from 1989 to 1993. In 1976, he was elected to the US House of Representatives and re-elected in 1978. In 1980 he was elected to the US Senate. He was the youngest Senator from Indiana. He was re-elected to the Senate in 1986.
Vice President Quayle joined Cerberus in 1999 and has served as Global Investments Chairman since 2001. Prior to joining Cerberus and after his political life, he authored three books including Standing Firm: A Vice-Presidential Memoir which was on The New York Times Best Seller list for 15 weeks. He was a distinguished visiting professor at Arizona State University’s Thunderbird School of Global Management for two years. He has served on many boards of directors for both private and public entities, as well as for charities. He is a graduate of DePauw University and the Indiana University School of Law (Indianapolis).
Vice Adm. Ronald A. Route, USN (Ret) served as President, Naval Postgraduate School September 2013 to January 2019. To this assignment as a Navy civilian, he brought over twenty years of senior leadership experience at the executive and command levels, which included responsibilities in graduate education, program requirements and resources, international affairs, research and development, and ethics.
Route’s significant active-duty career assignments included Naval Inspector General, President of the Naval War College, and Commander, Navy Warfare Development Command. He also served in two earlier flag officer assignments leading major divisions on the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO): Director of Navy Programming (N80) and Director, Politico-Military Affairs (N52). A career Surface Warfare Officer, he commanded the AEGIS cruiser USS LAKE ERIE (CG 70) and the guided-missile destroyer USS DEWEY (DDG 45). His most recent command at sea was the USS GEORGE WASHINGTON (CVN 73) Carrier Strike Group of ten ships plus the embarked carrier air wing.
After retirement from active duty in 2008, Route spent more than three years as a senior vice president at Burdeshaw Associates, Ltd. – an executive-level consulting firm specializing in defense industry and government business. His earlier education included a Bachelor of Science degree in Systems Engineering from the U.S. Naval Academy and a Master of Science degree in Operations Research from the Naval Postgraduate School. In 1996-97, he served as the Navy’s Senior Military Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York City and has been a Council member for over 20 years.
Jan Tighe retired from the US Navy in August 2018 as a Vice Admiral serving as the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Warfare and as the 66th Director of Naval Intelligence. Previously, she served as the Commander of U.S. Fleet Cyber Command and U.S. 10th Fleet where she was the first woman to command a numbered Fleet. Other flag officer assignments include President of the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California and deputy director of operations for U.S. Cyber Command.
As a career cryptologist, Vice Admiral Tighe served around the globe in leadership positions for both the Navy and the National Security Agency, specializing in Signals Intelligence and Cyber Operations. She earned Naval Aviation Observer Wings and supported Operation DESERT STORM as a special evaluator in the EP-3E aircraft. As a Captain, she commanded more than 2,800 multi-service and multi-agency personnel at the National Security Agency/Central Security Service Hawaii and went on to serve as executive assistant to the director of the National Security Agency and the commander of U.S. Cyber Command.
Tighe currently serves on the Board of Directors for Goldman Sachs, the Huntsman Corporation, Progressive Insurance and IronNet Cybersecurity. She most recently joined the Board of Trustees for the MITRE Corporation, the Board of Directors for the U.S Naval Academy Foundation and the Naval Postgraduate School Foundation Advisory Council.
Vice Admiral Patricia Tracey, USN (Retired) was Commander of both the Naval Technical Training Center at Treasure Island, CA, and the Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, home to a longstanding Navy bootcamp. A graduate of the Naval Postgraduate School's Operations Research Program, Tracey was the first woman nominated to the rank of Vice Admiral. Her 32-year Naval career included a Fellowship at the Naval War College and time on the staff of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Following her retirement, Vice Admiral Tracey held the position of Vice President, Homeland Security and Defense services with HP Enterprise Services. She sits on the Board of Trustees for Norwich University and the Board of the Armed Forces Benefit Association.
Mr. Bill Warner is the co-founder and former Vice President of Sales and Business Development of CacheFlow. CacheFlow, now Blue Coat Systems, builds network infrastructure products for businesses to efficiently deliver web content across networks. Warner held executive positions at several other companies prior to co-founding CacheFlow. In 1980 he joined Sperry-Univac where he held several sales management responsibilities for the defense and aerospace industries.
In 1986, Warner joined Silicon Graphics and in his ten years there he was part of the senior sales management team that grew revenues to over two billion dollars. His tenure at SGI also included managing a joint venture with AT&T and Time Warner that delivered software products for interactive TV systems. Currently Warner invests in and advises early-stage technology companies focused on systems, networking, and software.
Warner studied at the University of Kansas where he received a B.S. in Political Science and Business.
Admiral James Alexander "Sandy" Winnefeld graduated from Georgia Tech with a degree in Aerospace Engineering and served for 37 years in the United States Navy. He flew the F-14 Tomcat, instructed at the Navy Fighter Weapons School, also known as Top Gun, and served as senior aide-decamp to General Colin L. Powell. He subsequently commanded a fighter squadron, the amphibious ship USS CLEVELAND, the aircraft carrier USS ENTERPRISE, and the THEODORE ROOSEVELT Carrier Strike Group.
As a flag officer, Winnefeld commanded NATO Joint Command Lisbon, Striking and Support Forces NATO, the United States SIXTH Fleet, United States NORTHERN Command, and the North American Aerospace Defense Command, also known as NORAD. He retired in 2015 after serving four years as the ninth Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the United States’ number two ranking military officer. Winnefeld is a frequently published author and a director or advisory board member for several companies, including Enterprise Holdings, operating in a broad spectrum of business sectors. He currently serves as Distinguished Professor at the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at Georgia Tech, where he is also a member of the Engineering Hall of Fame. He is on the Board of Visitors of the United States Naval Academy, and a senior nonresident fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Winnefeld and his wife, Mary, are Co-Chairs of S.A.F.E. Project US (Stop the Addiction Fatality Epidemic), a national nonprofit committed to contributing in a tangible way to overcoming the epidemic of opioid addiction in the United States.
Gary Wipfler held the position of Vice President & Corporate Treasurer for Apple Inc. from 1997 to 2021. Wipfler was responsible for the company’s cash and investments, foreign exchange, treasury operations, corporate finance, risk management, investor relations, credit/debit card payment platforms, capital structure including debt issuance and return of capital. In addition to the aforementioned responsibilities, Gary spent his last two years at Apple forming and co-chairing the ESG Steering Committee.
Mr. Wipfler also serves on the board of Destination: Home, a not for profit, committed to end homelessness in Santa Clara Valley. He is also involved in several threads within University of Washington (UW) and Santa Clara University (SCU); ranging from UW Foundation Board to UW Foster School of Business and various threads within UW and SCU athletics.
Mr. Wipfler holds a BA from the University of Washington and an MBA from Santa Clara University (’86). While at University of Washington, Mr. Wipfler was a member of the Husky track and field team, competing in the high hurdles and decathlon.
Mr. Wipfler is married with four children and lives in Los Altos, CA.
Geoff Yang has served as a founding partner and Managing Director of Redpoint Ventures (a global private equity and venture capital firm based in Woodside, California) since 1999. With almost $6B under management, Redpoint invests in industry defining companies in their earliest stages. Some of the companies in which Redpoint has invested include Netflix, Fortinet, Twilio, ThredUp, Draft Kings, Sonos, Snowflake, Sentinel One, HashiCorp, and Stripe.
Yang also serves as CEO and founder of Performance Health Sciences (d/b/a Apeiron Life) and Chairman and founder of Rock the Bells. Prior to founding Redpoint, Yang previously served as a General Partner with Institutional Venture Partners, which he joined in 1987.
Yang has over 35 years of experience in the venture capital industry and has helped found or served on the boards of a variety of consumer media, internet, and infrastructure companies. Yang currently serves on the boards of directors of AT&T, Franklin Templeton, and Liberty Media Acquisition Corp. as well as private companies Esquel Group, Performance Health Sciences, Rock the Bells, Scribd, and Tastemade.
Yang holds a B.S.E. in engineering from Princeton University and an M.B.A. from Stanford University.
Dov S. Zakheim is Senior Advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and Senior Fellow at the CNA Corporation, a federally funded think tank. Previously he was Senior Vice President of Booz Allen Hamilton where he led the Firm’s support of U.S. Combatant Commanders worldwide.
From 2001 to 2004 he was Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Chief Financial Officer for the Department of Defense, and from 2002-2004 he was also DOD’s coordinator of civilian programs in Afghanistan. From 1985 until 1987, Dr. Zakheim was Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Planning and Resources. He held other senior DOD posts from 1981-1985.
Dr. Zakheim has served on numerous government, corporate, nonprofit and charitable boards. He is Vice Chairman of the Foreign Policy Research Institute’s Board of Trustees, and Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Center for The National Interest. He has been a member of the Task Force on Defense Reform (1997); the Board of Visitors of the Department of Defense Overseas Regional Schools (1998-2001); the National Intelligence Council’s International Business Practices Advisory Panel, which he chaired (2008-2011); the Commission for Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad (1992-1997); the Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan (2008-11); the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission (2013-2015); the Chief of Naval Operations Executive Panel (2004-16) and the Defense Business Board (2004-2012, 2014-2018), which he established. He currently serves on the Board of Control of the United States Naval Academy Athletic Association and is an Executive Advisor to the Chief of Naval Operations.
Zakheim is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations; Chatham House/the Royal Institute of International Affairs (UK); and the International Institute for Strategic Studies and is a Fellow of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences. He chairs the advisory board of the Jerusalem Strategic Tribune and is a member of the Advisory Boards of Our Military Kids and the American Foreign Policy Council.
A 1970 Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Columbia University with a B.A., summa cum laude, Zakheim also studied at the London School of Economics. He holds a doctorate in economics and politics from the University of Oxford. He has been an adjunct Senior Fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations, an adjunct Scholar of the Heritage Foundation and an adjunct professor at the National War College and at four universities.
Zakheim is the author of numerous books, monographs, chapters in edited volumes, articles and book reviews. His writings have been translated into Arabic, French, Hebrew, Italian and Norwegian. He lectures widely and provides print, radio and television commentary on national security policy issues domestically and internationally. He blogs on The Hill and The National Interest. He is the recipient of numerous awards for his government, professional and civic work, including the Defense Department’s highest civilian award in 1986, 1987 and 2004.